Memphis was more likely a fortress from which Menes, the King who united Upper and Lower Egypt became the capital of the Old Kingdom.
Early on controlled the land and water routes between Upper Egypt and the Delta. The city had many fine temples, palaces and gardens. But today, other than the scattered ruins, most of the city is gone, or lies beneath cultivated fields, Nile silt and local villages.
What we do know of Memphis comes to us from its necropolises, mentioned above, text and papyrus from other parts of Egypt and Herodotus, who visited the city. Also, religious and administrative center because it was the residence of the kings.
In Memphis, you will find ruins of the Temple of Ptah. Just outside of the temple no longer exists a giant statue of Ramses II. Not far away there is also an alabaster sphinx of eight meters, probably kept the southern entrance of the temple.